Yin Yang is a dialectical logic that explains the relationships, patterns and changes; how things work in relation to other things within the universe. It is a system of thought that sees everything as part of a whole and nothing can be isolated. This system was extremely important and essential for survival, because without noticing, and without realizing the phenomenas of nature you could not survive. And so, knowledge of the way of life began with the image of a mountain and the two sides, one that receives sunlight and one that doesn’t. One side of this mountain is sunny and the other side is shady. According to the characters, yin means a shadowed mountainside and yang means a brightened mountainside. But many people have the idea that yin and yang are two individual things as if you could say something is yin and something else is yang. But we can not say this, because yin does not exist outside yang, yang does not exist outside of yin. Remember it is the same mountain, the same way of life, a relationship with two sides. It also depends on the position of the sun, this relationship is constantly changing, as the theory of yin yang constantly adapts to the moment. Patterns and relationships are always evolving and the system of yin yang helped Taoists adjust to the changes. The farmers of that time needed to have an intimate understanding of when, how and why to cultivate and prune their crops. They needed to understand this in order to survive.

The qualities of yin always depend on the qualities of yang, and vice versa.

yinyang photo

/

/

Yīn

Yáng

Cold

Hot

Rest

Action

Ability to respond

Response

Potential Energy

Kinetic Energy

Passive

Active

Darkness

Brightness

Interior

Exterior

Descent

Ascent

Introversion

Extroversion

Hibernation

Growth

These qualities only exist when compared to each other. The philosophy and science of yin and yang is the observation of phenomena in relation to other phenomena. As the characters of yin and yang demonstrate, both would not exist outside of the interaction between the sun and the mountains. Yin Yang is a constant relationship between the interaction of phenomena of life.